- Manufacturing and Pollution: Trends in Old and New Industrial Centers
- Matthew Klesta and Francisca G-C Richter
- This report examines trends in manufacturing and pollution in two regions, the traditional industrial centers of the Rust Belt and the newer centers that sprang up in the South over the past three decades. How have northern cities fared in their quest to both recover from the loss of manufacturing share as well as simultaneously reduce pollution and become more attractive places to live? And how do they stack up today against their Sun Belt counterparts? Our findings indicate that while both regions experienced recent losses in manufacturing employment—and subsequent decreases in pollution—at similar rates, output has remained relatively constant. The key appears to be how each region encourages growth in high-tech manufacturing sectors and invests in upgrading labor-force skills.
A Look Behind the Numbers